& Risto Suikkanen
The image of the Soviet
Union and Russia has changed dramatically in the press in Finland after
the World War II. This article is based on a frequency analysis in which
mentions of certain countries, groups of states and international organizations
were coded (like the Soviet Union/Russia, United States, NATO, UN etc.).
To make the analysis more revealing and interesting, a distinction was
made whether the mention was made in the context of (1) alliance, friendship
and cooperation, or in the context of (2) distance, restriction and enemy
image, or (3) both in a positive and in a negative context. The time frame
was from 1945 till the end of the century, and the newspapers chosen for
the study represented the whole political spectrum of the Finnish media.
The selection criteria of the material emphasized national celebration
On the authors: Heikki Luostarinen, since 1999 Professor of Journalism Studies at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Special areas of interest: war reporting, propaganda studies, journalism criticism, nationalism and the media. Publications, inter alia: Minorities in Finnish Publicity (with Sari Pietikäinen), Nordicom-Information 4/1997; ´The Quiet Finn´. National Stereotypes, Politics and the Media in a Small Country, Scottish Affairs, Summer 1997; Journalism and the New World Order Vol 2. Studying War and the Media (ed. with Wilhelm Kempf), Göteborg, Nordicom 2002.
Risto Suikkanen, since 1996 Researcher at the Journalism Research and Development Centre, University of Tampere, Finland. Special areas of interest: quantitative and qualitative research methods in media studies. Publication: Latent Class Analysis: Wandering in Latent Space (with Esa Reunanen). Diskussionsbeiträge der Projektgruppe Friedenforschung Konstanz, Nr 44, 1999.
Addresses: Heikki Luostarinen, Department of Communication, University of Jyväskylä (www.jyu.fi), PO 35, 40014 University of Jyväskylä, Finland. eMail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Risto Suikkanen, Department of Journalism and Mass Communication, University of Tampere (www.uta.fi); 33014 University of Tampere, Finland. eMail: email@example.com